Laravel 8 - Ajax CRUD With yajra Datatable and Bootstrap Model Validation Example

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In this article, I will share with your how to ajax CRUD yajra datatable and bootstrap model validation with example in laravel 8.

As you know laravel 8 was released with many new features and functionality. so, today we will see how to make Ajax CRUD operation with a simple example. if you don't work before laravel don't worry in this article I will start to end.

In web application many times you need to create Ajax CRUD for insert, update, delete or listing database data in frontend. if you don't want to page load when you insert, update, delete data then you should use Ajax in your laravel application and it is very smooth.

in this article we will cover the following steps :

  • Step - 1 : Create the laravel fresh application.
  • Step - 2 : Setup database in .env file.
  • Step - 3 : Create products table migration.
  • Step - 4 : Install yajra/laravel-datatables package.
  • Step - 5 : Create routes.
  • Step - 6 : Create Controllers and Model.
  • Step - 7 : Create Blade files.

After done above all steps then your Ajax CRUD application is done. and look like the following screenshot.

Preview :

Step - 1 : Create the laravel fresh application.

First, we need to create one fresh laravel application help of the composer command. just run the following command in your terminal and create one laravel application.

composer create-project --prefer-dist laravel/laravel ajaxcrudapp

Step - 2 : Configure Database Setting.

Now, into the second step, we should configure the database settings in .env file just open your .env file and make the following changes. set youe database name, username, and password.

DB_CONNECTION=mysql
DB_HOST=127.0.0.1
DB_PORT=3306
DB_DATABASE=ajaxcrud
DB_USERNAME=root
DB_PASSWORD=root

Step - 3 : Create Migration

Now, we need to create a migration for the articles table. run the following command in your terminal.

php artisan make:migration create_article_tbl --create=articles

After running this command, then open that created file that will be created on database/migrations folder. just open it and put the following code into that migration file.

use Illuminate\Database\Migrations\Migration;
use Illuminate\Database\Schema\Blueprint;
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Schema;

class CreateArticleTbl extends Migration
{
    /**
     * Run the migrations.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function up()
    {
        Schema::create('articles', function (Blueprint $table) {
            $table->id();
            $table->string('title');
            $table->text('description');
            $table->timestamps();
        });
    }

    /**
     * Reverse the migrations.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function down()
    {
        Schema::dropIfExists('articles');
    }
}

and then run php artisan migrate command in your terminal. then your articles table will be create into your database, which you set into in your project .env file.

Step - 4 : Install yajra datatable package.

Now, we need to install yajra/laravel-datatables in our laravel application. just run the following command on the laravel application root folder.

composer require yajra/laravel-datatables-oracle

After installing the package, open your Laravel config file located at config/app.php and add the following lines. "(it is optional for Laravel version >= 5.5)"

'providers' => [
    ...,
    Yajra\DataTables\DataTablesServiceProvider::class,
]

'aliases' => [
    ...,
    'DataTables' => Yajra\DataTables\Facades\DataTables::class,
]

after installing the yajra/laravel-datatables package then public the provider by running the following command in terminal.

php artisan vendor:publish --provider="Yajra\DataTables\DataTablesServiceProvider"

Step - 5 : Create routes.

Now, we need to create the following laravel resource route in your <code>routes/web.php</code>. if you don't know about laravel route resource then click this link Laravel route resource and get more information about it.

use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Route;
use App\Http\Controllers\ArticleController;

// Resource Route for article.
Route::resource('articles', ArticleController::class);
// Route for get articles for yajra post request.
Route::get('get-articles', [ArticleController::class, 'getArticles'])->name('get-articles');

Step - 6 : Add Controller and Model

In this step, we will create our "ArticleController" and "Article" model using the following artisan command in the terminal.

php artisan make:controller ArticleController --resource --model=Article

After, run the above artisan command then "app/Http/Controllers/ArticleController.php". file and "app/Models/Article.php" file created in laravel 8 application. 

In this controller will create seven methods by default as below methods:

  • 1)index()
  • 2)create()
  • 3)store()
  • 4)show()
  • 5)edit()
  • 6)update()
  • 7)destroy()

Now, open the "ArticleController.php" file and just copy past the following code into it.

namespace App\Http\Controllers;

use App\Models\Article;
use Illuminate\Http\Request;

class ArticleController extends Controller
{
    /**
     * Display a listing of the resource.
     *
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function index()
    {
        return view('articles.index');
    }

    /**
     * Get the data for listing in yajra.
     *
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function getArticles(Request $request, Article $article)
    {
        $data = $article->getData();
        return \DataTables::of($data)
            ->addColumn('Actions', function($data) {
                return '<button type="button" class="btn btn-success btn-sm" id="getEditArticleData" data-id="'.$data->id.'">Edit</button>
                    <button type="button" data-id="'.$data->id.'" data-toggle="modal" data-target="#DeleteArticleModal" class="btn btn-danger btn-sm" id="getDeleteId">Delete</button>';
            })
            ->rawColumns(['Actions'])
            ->make(true);
    }

    /**
     * Store a newly created resource in storage.
     *
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function store(Request $request, Article $article)
    {
        $validator = \Validator::make($request->all(), [
            'title' => 'required',
            'description' => 'required',
        ]);
        
        if ($validator->fails()) {
            return response()->json(['errors' => $validator->errors()->all()]);
        }

        $article->storeData($request->all());

        return response()->json(['success'=>'Article added successfully']);
    }

    /**
     * Show the form for editing the specified resource.
     *
     * @param  \App\Models\Article  $article
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function edit($id)
    {
        $article = new Article;
        $data = $article->findData($id);

        $html = '<div class="form-group">
                    <label for="Title">Title:</label>
                    <input type="text" class="form-control" name="title" id="editTitle" value="'.$data->title.'">
                </div>
                <div class="form-group">
                    <label for="Name">Description:</label>
                    <textarea class="form-control" name="description" id="editDescription">'.$data->description.'                        
                    </textarea>
                </div>';

        return response()->json(['html'=>$html]);
    }

    /**
     * Update the specified resource in storage.
     *
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
     * @param  \App\Models\Article  $article
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function update(Request $request, $id)
    {
        $validator = \Validator::make($request->all(), [
            'title' => 'required',
            'description' => 'required',
        ]);
        
        if ($validator->fails()) {
            return response()->json(['errors' => $validator->errors()->all()]);
        }

        $article = new Article;
        $article->updateData($id, $request->all());

        return response()->json(['success'=>'Article updated successfully']);
    }

    /**
     * Remove the specified resource from storage.
     *
     * @param  \App\Models\Article  $article
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function destroy($id)
    {
        $article = new Article;
        $article->deleteData($id);

        return response()->json(['success'=>'Article deleted successfully']);
    }
}

Ok, so after run bellow command you will find "app/Models/Article.php" and put bellow content in Article.php file:

namespace App\Models;

use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Factories\HasFactory;
use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model;

class Article extends Model
{
    use HasFactory;

    protected $table = 'articles';
    protected $guarded = array();

    public function getData()
    {
        return static::orderBy('created_at','desc')->get();
    }

    public function storeData($input)
    {
    	return static::create($input);
    }

    public function findData($id)
    {
        return static::find($id);
    }

    public function updateData($id, $input)
    {
        return static::find($id)->update($input);
    }

    public function deleteData($id)
    {
        return static::find($id)->delete();
    }
}

Step - 7 : Add Blades Files

In the last step, we need to create all the blade files for post listing, post creates, post update, so, create the four-blade file in our laravel application.

  • 1) resources/views/articles/layout.blade.php
  • 2) resources/views/articles/index.blade.php

resources/views/articles/layout.blade.php

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <title>Laravel 8 Ajax CRUD Application - laravelcode.com</title>
    <!-- CSRF Token -->
    <meta name="csrf-token" content="{{ csrf_token() }}">
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.0.0/css/bootstrap.min.css">
    <script type="text/javascript" src="https://code.jquery.com/jquery-3.3.1.js"></script>
	<script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/popper.js/1.14.7/umd/popper.min.js"></script>
	<script src="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.0.0/js/bootstrap.min.js"></script>
    @yield('style')
</head>
<body>
  
<div class="container">
    @yield('content')
</div>
@yield('script')
</body>
</html>

resources/views/articles/index.blade.php

@extends('articles.layout')

@section('style')
<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="https://cdn.datatables.net/1.10.20/css/dataTables.bootstrap4.min.css">
@endsection

@section('content')
<div class="container">
    <div class="row justify-content-center">
        <div class="col-md-12">
            <div class="card">
                <div class="card-body">
                    <div class="card-title">
                        {{ __('Article Listing') }}
                        <button style="float: right; font-weight: 900;" class="btn btn-info btn-sm" type="button"  data-toggle="modal" data-target="#CreateArticleModal">
                            Create Article
                        </button>
                    </div>
                    <div class="table-responsive">
                        <table class="table table-bordered datatable">
                            <thead>
                                <tr>
                                    <th>Id</th>
                                    <th>Name</th>
                                    <th>Description</th>
                                    <th width="150" class="text-center">Action</th>
                                </tr>
                            </thead>
                        </table>
                    </div>
                </div>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
</div>

<!-- Create Article Modal -->
<div class="modal" id="CreateArticleModal">
    <div class="modal-dialog">
        <div class="modal-content">
            <!-- Modal Header -->
            <div class="modal-header">
                <h4 class="modal-title">Article Create</h4>
                <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="modal">&times;</button>
            </div>
            <!-- Modal body -->
            <div class="modal-body">
                <div class="alert alert-danger alert-dismissible fade show" role="alert" style="display: none;">
                    <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="alert" aria-label="Close">
                        <span aria-hidden="true">&times;</span>
                    </button>
                </div>
                <div class="alert alert-success alert-dismissible fade show" role="alert" style="display: none;">
                    <strong>Success!</strong>Article was added successfully.
                    <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="alert" aria-label="Close">
                        <span aria-hidden="true">&times;</span>
                    </button>
                </div>
                <div class="form-group">
                    <label for="title">Title:</label>
                    <input type="text" class="form-control" name="title" id="title">
                </div>
                <div class="form-group">
                    <label for="description">Description:</label>
                    <textarea class="form-control" name="description" id="description">                        
                    </textarea>
                </div>
            </div>
            <!-- Modal footer -->
            <div class="modal-footer">
                <button type="button" class="btn btn-success" id="SubmitCreateArticleForm">Create</button>
                <button type="button" class="btn btn-danger" data-dismiss="modal">Close</button>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
</div>

<!-- Edit Article Modal -->
<div class="modal" id="EditArticleModal">
    <div class="modal-dialog">
        <div class="modal-content">
            <!-- Modal Header -->
            <div class="modal-header">
                <h4 class="modal-title">Article Edit</h4>
                <button type="button" class="close modelClose" data-dismiss="modal">&times;</button>
            </div>
            <!-- Modal body -->
            <div class="modal-body">
                <div class="alert alert-danger alert-dismissible fade show" role="alert" style="display: none;">
                    <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="alert" aria-label="Close">
                        <span aria-hidden="true">&times;</span>
                    </button>
                </div>
                <div class="alert alert-success alert-dismissible fade show" role="alert" style="display: none;">
                    <strong>Success!</strong>Article was added successfully.
                    <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="alert" aria-label="Close">
                        <span aria-hidden="true">&times;</span>
                    </button>
                </div>
                <div id="EditArticleModalBody">
                    
                </div>
            </div>
            <!-- Modal footer -->
            <div class="modal-footer">
                <button type="button" class="btn btn-success" id="SubmitEditArticleForm">Update</button>
                <button type="button" class="btn btn-danger modelClose" data-dismiss="modal">Close</button>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
</div>

<!-- Delete Article Modal -->
<div class="modal" id="DeleteArticleModal">
    <div class="modal-dialog">
        <div class="modal-content">
            <!-- Modal Header -->
            <div class="modal-header">
                <h4 class="modal-title">Article Delete</h4>
                <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="modal">&times;</button>
            </div>
            <!-- Modal body -->
            <div class="modal-body">
                <h4>Are you sure want to delete this Article?</h4>
            </div>
            <!-- Modal footer -->
            <div class="modal-footer">
                <button type="button" class="btn btn-danger" id="SubmitDeleteArticleForm">Yes</button>
                <button type="button" class="btn btn-default" data-dismiss="modal">No</button>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
</div>
@endsection

@section('script')
<script type="text/javascript" src="https://cdn.datatables.net/1.10.20/js/jquery.dataTables.min.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript" src="https://cdn.datatables.net/1.10.20/js/dataTables.bootstrap4.min.js"></script>
@endsection

Now, add the below jQuery code into the index.blade.php's @section('script')

<script type="text/javascript">
    $(document).ready(function() {
        // init datatable.
        var dataTable = $('.datatable').DataTable({
            processing: true,
            serverSide: true,
            autoWidth: false,
            pageLength: 5,
            // scrollX: true,
            "order": [[ 0, "desc" ]],
            ajax: '{{ route('get-articles') }}',
            columns: [
                {data: 'id', name: 'id'},
                {data: 'title', name: 'title'},
                {data: 'description', name: 'description'},
                {data: 'Actions', name: 'Actions',orderable:false,serachable:false,sClass:'text-center'},
            ]
        });

        // Create article Ajax request.
        $('#SubmitCreateArticleForm').click(function(e) {
            e.preventDefault();
            $.ajaxSetup({
                headers: {
                    'X-CSRF-TOKEN': $('meta[name="csrf-token"]').attr('content')
                }
            });
            $.ajax({
                url: "{{ route('articles.store') }}",
                method: 'post',
                data: {
                    title: $('#title').val(),
                    description: $('#description').val(),
                },
                success: function(result) {
                    if(result.errors) {
                        $('.alert-danger').html('');
                        $.each(result.errors, function(key, value) {
                            $('.alert-danger').show();
                            $('.alert-danger').append('<strong><li>'+value+'</li></strong>');
                        });
                    } else {
                        $('.alert-danger').hide();
                        $('.alert-success').show();
                        $('.datatable').DataTable().ajax.reload();
                        setInterval(function(){ 
                            $('.alert-success').hide();
                            $('#CreateArticleModal').modal('hide');
                            location.reload();
                        }, 2000);
                    }
                }
            });
        });

        // Get single article in EditModel
        $('.modelClose').on('click', function(){
            $('#EditArticleModal').hide();
        });
        var id;
        $('body').on('click', '#getEditArticleData', function(e) {
            // e.preventDefault();
            $('.alert-danger').html('');
            $('.alert-danger').hide();
            id = $(this).data('id');
            $.ajax({
                url: "articles/"+id+"/edit",
                method: 'GET',
                // data: {
                //     id: id,
                // },
                success: function(result) {
                    console.log(result);
                    $('#EditArticleModalBody').html(result.html);
                    $('#EditArticleModal').show();
                }
            });
        });

        // Update article Ajax request.
        $('#SubmitEditArticleForm').click(function(e) {
            e.preventDefault();
            $.ajaxSetup({
                headers: {
                    'X-CSRF-TOKEN': $('meta[name="csrf-token"]').attr('content')
                }
            });
            $.ajax({
                url: "articles/"+id,
                method: 'PUT',
                data: {
                    title: $('#editTitle').val(),
                    description: $('#editDescription').val(),
                },
                success: function(result) {
                    if(result.errors) {
                        $('.alert-danger').html('');
                        $.each(result.errors, function(key, value) {
                            $('.alert-danger').show();
                            $('.alert-danger').append('<strong><li>'+value+'</li></strong>');
                        });
                    } else {
                        $('.alert-danger').hide();
                        $('.alert-success').show();
                        $('.datatable').DataTable().ajax.reload();
                        setInterval(function(){ 
                            $('.alert-success').hide();
                            $('#EditArticleModal').hide();
                        }, 2000);
                    }
                }
            });
        });

        // Delete article Ajax request.
        var deleteID;
        $('body').on('click', '#getDeleteId', function(){
            deleteID = $(this).data('id');
        })
        $('#SubmitDeleteArticleForm').click(function(e) {
            e.preventDefault();
            var id = deleteID;
            $.ajaxSetup({
                headers: {
                    'X-CSRF-TOKEN': $('meta[name="csrf-token"]').attr('content')
                }
            });
            $.ajax({
                url: "articles/"+id,
                method: 'DELETE',
                success: function(result) {
                    setInterval(function(){ 
                        $('.datatable').DataTable().ajax.reload();
                        $('#DeleteArticleModal').hide();
                    }, 1000);
                }
            });
        });
    });
</script>

After done this all steps then your Products Ajax CRUD is ready to run and test it is working fine or not? just run the below command in your project root directory for run the laravel application in web browser.

php artisan serve

Then open your web browser and hit the following url in the browser.

https://localhost:8000/articles

i hope you like this article.

Author : Harsukh Makwana
Harsukh Makwana

Hi, My name is Harsukh Makwana. i have been work with many programming language like php, python, javascript, node, react, anguler, etc.. since last 5 year. if you have any issue or want me hire then contact me on harsukh21@gmail.com

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