Javascript setInterval and clearInterval method with example

  1472 views   1 year ago Javascript

Sometimes you might want to run function or piece of code at the specific time interval. This is mostly used when you want to update data at a given time or want to refresh page.

In this example, I will explain how you can execute Javascript code at the specific time interval. I will also include how you can stop this interval to run code.

setInterval method

The setInterval method executes specified function or piece of code at a given time interval.

Syntax

setInterval(function, milliseconds, arg1, arg2, ...)

Where:

function which executes at a given specific time.
milliseconds is time interval
arg1, arg2 parameters pass in the function.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <title>setInterval method</title>
</head>
<body>
    <div id="number">0</div>
    <script type="text/javascript">
        setInterval(function() {
            var data = document.getElementById('number').textContent;
            document.getElementById('number').textContent = Number(data) + 1;
        }, 1000);
    </script>
</body>
</html>

clearInterval method

clearInterval method cancels the code to be execute set in setInterval method.

Syntax:

clearInterval(setIntervalVariable)

Where:
setIntervalVariable is the variable defined for setInterval method.

This is useful to stop executing code set in setInterval method.

Example:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <title>clearInterval method</title>
</head>
<body>
    <div id="number">0</div>
    <button onclick="increment()">Start</button>
    <button onclick="stopIncrement()">Stop</button>
    <script type="text/javascript">
        var startIncrement;
        function increment() {
            startIncrement = setInterval(function() {
                var data = document.getElementById('number').textContent;
                document.getElementById('number').textContent = Number(data) + 1;
            }, 1000);

        }
        function stopIncrement() {
            clearInterval(startIncrement);
        }
    </script>
</body>
</html>

So far in this article, we have learn how to execute Javascript code at a specific interval time. We have also learned to prevent executing code set in setInterval method. I hope you liked the article.

Author : Harsukh Makwana
Harsukh Makwana

Hi, My name is Harsukh Makwana. i have been work with many programming language like php, python, javascript, node, react, anguler, etc.. since last 5 year. if you have any issue or want me hire then contact me on [email protected]