How to remove .php file extension from URL in apache

  540 views   7 months ago Apache

You may have seen some .php and .asp extension in url link. These extensions sometimes disclose the backend technology of website. You may want to hide these file extensions for SEO friendly url or you may want to change backend technology in fuure, and at that time it doen't affect your urls if you have already removed file extension.

In this article, I will show you how you can remove specific file extension from url using apache.

Your project must contains .htaccess file at the root of project directory with apache option. In this file, there is mod_rewrite directive. If there is no any file in the root directory, you need to create it.

Remove .html extension from url

RewriteEngine on
RewriteCond %{THE_REQUEST} /([^.]+)\.html [NC]
RewriteRule ^ /%1 [NC,L,R]

RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME}.html -f
RewriteRule ^ %{REQUEST_URI}.html [NC,L]

In the above code, first we need to on RewriteEngine. Then we have added new url with html removed. We have also redirect .html url to non .html urls. This will prevent search engines to generate duplicate links of the same url.

Now if your site link is https://laravelcode.com/demo.html and when you try to access it, it will be 301 redirect to https://laravelcode.com/demo url.

Removing .php extension from URL

.php extension is used for php web application. Same way you can remove .php extension from the url. Any url with .php will redirect to non .php url. For example, if you visit website https://laravelcode.com/articles.php it will redirect to https://laravelcode.com/articles

RewriteEngine on
RewriteCond %{THE_REQUEST} /([^.]+)\.php [NC]
RewriteRule ^ /%1 [NC,L,R]

RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME}.php -f
RewriteRule ^ %{REQUEST_URI}.php [NC,L]

Add trailing slash(/) .htaccess

Sometimes you may want to add trailing slash at the end of link. Here is how you can add it. So if you go to https://laravelcode.com/articles it will be redirect to https://laravelcode.com/articles/

RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !(/$|\.) 
RewriteRule (.*) %{REQUEST_URI}/ [R=301,L] 

I hope you liked the article and help in your web development.

Author : Harsukh Makwana
Harsukh Makwana

Hi, My name is Harsukh Makwana. i have been work with many programming language like php, python, javascript, node, react, anguler, etc.. since last 5 year. if you have any issue or want me hire then contact me on [email protected]